Robert Rauschenberg (22.10.1925 – 12.5.2008) was an American painter, sculptor, photographer and object artist of Pop Art.
As early as the 1950s, Rauschenberg developed his combines, based on Marcel Duchamp’s concept of readymades, in which he enriched traditional panel painting with found objects. Through this hybrid form of the genres of painting and sculpture, Rauschenberg made a significant contribution to the dissolution of the boundaries of painting.
Robert Rauschenberg left behind a very diverse œuvre that bears witness to his love of creative experimentation. Among other things, he worked with photography, painting, with all kinds of found materials which he put together into collages, experimental printmaking, electronics, but also with the integration of light and sound in his performances, which he produced together with the composer John Cage and the dancer and choreographer Merce Cunningham.
Robert Rauschenberg was the first American artist to win the Grand Prize at the Venice Biennale in 1964. This event marked the turning point at which the works of American artists became the focus of international attention with Pop Art.
AWARDS AND PRIZES
In 1993, Rauschenberg was awarded the National Medal of Arts, followed two years later by the Leonardo da Vinci Award of Arts. In 1998 he got the Prize of the Praemium Imperiale, the „Nobel Prize of the Arts“.